In 1838, a French pastry cook, Monsieur Remontel, claimed that his shop in the Tacubaya district of Mexico City had been ruined in 1828 by looting Mexican officers. He appealed to France 's King Louis-Philippe (1773–1850). Coming to its citizen's aid, France demanded 600,000 pesos in damages. This amount was extremely high when compared to an average workman's daily pay, which was about one peso. In addition to this amount, Mexico had defaulted on millions of dollars worth of loans from France. Diplomat Baron Deffaudis gave Mexico an ultimatum to pay, or the French would demand satisfaction. When the payment was not forthcoming from president Anastasio Bustamante (1780–1853), the king sent a fleet under Rear Admiral Charles Baudin to declare a blockade of all Mexican ports from Yucatán to the Rio Grande , to bombard the Mexican fortress of San Juan de Ulúa , and to seize the port of Veracruz . Virtually the entire Mexican Navy was captured at Veracruz by December 1838. Mexico declared war on France.
Most American horses going to slaughter arrive at the slaughterhouse via livestock auctions where they are bought by “killer-buyers” working for the slaughter plants. The killer-buyers travel from auction to auction to collect horses they can then sell to the slaughterhouses at a profit. These killer-buyers have a financial incentive to outbid other potential purchasers of the horse, and many individuals selling their horses at auction are unaware that they risk placing their horses in the hands of killer buyers simply by entering them into the auction ring. Few horse owners electively sell their horses to slaughter.
The chocolate usually comes in hexagonal tablets that can be split into wedges, and then melted into milk. The drink can also be mixed with spirits such as Kahlúa . The product ingredients (in order of percentage): sugar, chocolate processed with alkali, soy lecithin, vegetable oils (palm, shea nut and/or lllipe nut ), artificial cinnamon flavor, PGPR (an emulsifier).  Abuelita has been a staple Mexican product for more than 60 years, and can be identified by its unique taste and packaging. Other "Mexican chocolate" tablet brands are Ibarra and Moctezuma.