Exogenously administered anabolic steroids

The manufacturers of certain testosterone products (., AndroGel and Striant) state that their products are contraindicated in patients with soybean, soy, or soya lecithin hypersensitivity because they are derived partially from soy plants. There is a risk of serious hypersensitivity reactions or anaphylaxis with the use of testosterone undecanoate (Aveed) oil for injection. These allergic reactions can occur after any injection of testosterone undecanoate during the course of therapy, including after the first dose. Observe patients in the healthcare setting for 30 minutes after an Aveed injection in order to provide appropriate medical treatment in the event of serious hypersensitivity reactions or anaphylaxis. The Aveed injection contains benzyl benzoate, the ester of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid, and refined castor oil. Therefore, testosterone undecanoate use is contraindicated in patients with polyoxyethylated castor oil hypersensitivity, benzoic acid hypersensitivity, or benzyl alcohol hypersensitivity. Patients with suspected hypersensitivity reactions should not be re-treated with testosterone undecanoate injection.

Recent research from the UIC group supports an alternative hypothesis, first articulated by Porges in 1998, says Carter. He posited that oxytocin, acting in part through effects on the autonomic nervous system, might allow what he termed "immobility without fear." In other words, oxytocin may in general protect the nervous system from shutting down in the face of stressful circumstances, especially those that require holding still rather than fighting or fleeing. That includes even events that may seem positive from a societal standpoint, such as birth.

Obesity is a growing problem around the world, representing a metabolic disorder that is associated with many severe, lifestyle related diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperuricemia (Friedman & Andrus, 2012; Van Gaal, Mertens, & De Block, 2006). A stable body weight is maintained by balancing energy intake and energy expenditure. As such, excessive energy intake is an established risk factor for developing obesity (Burkhalter & Hillman, 2011). Hunger and satiety are physiologically important in this context because they regulate energy intake. It is entirely conceivable, therefore, that appetite suppression represents an effective means of reducing energy intake. Read more…

Exogenously administered anabolic steroids

exogenously administered anabolic steroids


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